Uncountable Nouns :
Some nouns are considered uncountable, you canīt count a single unit of them. They have no plural form and always take the verb in singular.
Before uncountable nouns you can use THE / SOME / ANY / MUCH / THIS / MY : languages, abstract nouns, materials, school subjects, many kinds of food etc....., are uncountables.
Here are some examples of uncountable ( = mass ) nouns :
|experience||baggage / luggage||traffic|
|furniture||jewelry||work / homework / housework|
When you want to quantify an uncountable noun you must use a countable expression before it. Ex: A piece of information; 2 pages of homework; 3 drops of eye medication.
Some uncountable nouns can also be considered countable ones depending on the situation, compare :
I read two papers every morning. ( = 2 newspapers )
I need some paper to write a note. ( = a piece / a sheet of paper )
Eating good food is important for health.
In Brazil we have different foods in the different regions. ( = kinds of food )
During his journey into Africa, he had several difficult and threatening experiences. ( = situations )
We need to hire someone with experience for this position. ( = background )
We can always change from an uncountable noun to its corresponding countable one.
I had too much baggage on my last trip.
I had too many bags ( or suitcases ) on my last trip.
He needs to find work soon.
He needs to find a job soon.
They have expensive furniture.
They have expensive chairs, tables, sofas....
Countable Nouns :
These nouns are possible to count, so they have plural form.
Before countable nouns we use A , AN , SOME , ANY , A NUMBER OF , MY , etc....
A and An are indefinite articles and they refer singular countable nouns. They can only be used with countable nouns that are in the singular form.
A girl ; a baby ; an animal ; an egg ; an hour ; a suggestion ; an answer ; an honest man ; an item ; Attention : Use A before consonant sound. Use An before vowel sound
Some , Any , a few of , a number of .... are used before coutable nouns in the plural.
They've got some ideas for the project.
There aren't any potatoes left in the refrigerator.
A few of the students couldn't finish their tests in time.
Ten horses were stolen from Mr. McDonald's farm.