Present and Past participles
We can form adjectives from present and past participles of verbs.
Present participles (....ing) describe an aspect of someone or something. What someone / something is like.
Ex: Astrology is an interesting science.
Martha is a fascinating woman.
It's boring when you don't have anything to do.
Past participles (...ed) describe how someone feels about something.
Ex: I'm very tired today.
I'm interested in Astrology.
I'm bored because I don't have anything to do.
Here we can see some verbs with their present or past participles.
amaze - amazing / amazed
amuse - amusing / amused
annoy - annoying / annoyed
astonish - astonishing / astonished
bore - boring / bored
confuse - confusing / confused
depress - depressing / depressed
disappoint - disappointing / disappointed
embarrass - embarrassing / embarrassed
excite - exciting / excited
exhaust - exhausting / exhausted
fascinate - fascinating / fascinated
frighten - frightening / frightened
horrify - horrifying / horrified
interest - interesting / interested
satisfy - satisfying / satisfied
shock - shocking / shocked
surprise - surprising / surprised
terrify - terrifying / terrified
tire - tiring / tired
upset - upsetting / upset (*)
worry - worrying / worried
(*)To upset is an irregular verb:
upset-upset-upset , so the past participle is not with ed.