Present and Past participles

 

We can form adjectives from present and past participles of verbs.

 

Present participles (....ing) describe an aspect of someone or something. What someone / something is like.

    Ex:    Astrology is an interesting science.

            Martha is a fascinating woman.

            It's boring when you don't have anything to do.

 

Past participles (...ed) describe how someone feels about something.

    Ex:    I'm very tired today.

            I'm interested in Astrology.

            I'm bored because I don't have anything to do.

 

Here we can see some verbs with their present or past participles.

           

            amaze - amazing / amazed

            amuse - amusing / amused

            annoy - annoying / annoyed

            astonish - astonishing / astonished

            bore - boring / bored

            confuse - confusing / confused

            depress - depressing / depressed

            disappoint - disappointing / disappointed

            embarrass - embarrassing / embarrassed

            excite - exciting / excited

            exhaust - exhausting / exhausted

            fascinate - fascinating / fascinated

            frighten - frightening / frightened

            horrify - horrifying / horrified

            interest - interesting / interested

            satisfy - satisfying / satisfied

            shock - shocking / shocked

            surprise - surprising / surprised

            terrify - terrifying / terrified

            tire - tiring / tired

            upset - upsetting / upset (*)

            worry - worrying / worried

 

            (*)To upset is an irregular verb:

                 upset-upset-upset , so the past participle is not with ed.