INFINITIVES x GERUNDS
Verbs followed by infinitives, gerunds or base form:
In English, verbs are followed by other verbs sometimes. These other verbs can appear in three ways: infinitives, gerunds or base form (also called Bare Infinitives). Hereís a list of many verbs with their requirements for the following verbs.
I) Verbs followed by gerund (ing)
(Be) used to
Get used to
Phrasal verbs ( verb + preposition) . All verbs after preposition use ING form( look after / give up / think about Ö )
Sarah was involved in making the arrangements for the party.
I miss sleeping in my bed when I travel.
Would you mind waiting just a second?
Tom has always enjoyed playing the guitar.
Iíve given up smoking.
Iím used to eating fruits in the morning.
II) Verbs followed by infinitive (to+ verb)
Verb+ object pronoun + to + verb
He offered to help us.
Jonathan failed to complete the project in time.
The government hopes to control the inflation.
Iíve decided to cancel the trip.
He wanted us to come.
The directors have asked them to call off the meeting.
Sue expects Mike to keep his word.
III) Verbs followed by infinitive or gerund with no difference in meaning
It has begun to rain / raining.
I love to spend / spending time at home.
Harry canít stand to wait / waiting in lines.
IV) Verbs followed by infinitives or gerunds with difference in meaning
Remember to do = you know you have to do
Remember doing = you have memory of a fact
Forget to do = you didnít do something you were supposed to
Forget doing = you donít have memory of a fact.
Regret to do = itís bad to give bad news
Regret doing = you did something and feel sorry about it
Allow (someone) to do = you give permission to someone to do something
Allow doing = the action is permitted
Stop to do = stop one action in order to do another
Stop doing = quit / give up / abandon a certain activity
Mean to do = plan to do
Mean doing = involves doing
Recommend / Encourage / Permit / Forbid follow the same pattern of the verb ALLOW.
We regret to inform the vacancy has been filled.
I regret waiting time during school years.
Have you remembered to order the pizza ?
I remember watching this movie.
V) Other tips for infinitives
After question words; I didnít know what to do.
After whether (if); They couldnít decide whether to stay or to go.
After adjectives; Itís important to be sensible.
After nouns; Thereís no space to host more people here.
VI) Other tips for gerunds
When a verb is the subject of a sentence ; Reading improves your culture.
When a verb is the object of a sentence; What bothers me is wasting my time in vain.
When a verb becomes a present participle ( adjective ); It was the most depressing film Iíve ever seen.
VII) Verbs followed by base form ( or bare infinitive )
Modal verbs ( exception : ought to )
After BUT (= except)
Mom made us clean the yard yesterday.
Could you let me see your notes ?
Weíd rather stay home tonight.
The children should play inside today.
We canít wait any longer.
It may rain later.
They havenít done anything but play videogames